Hematology Specialist Prof. said that cancer occurs when normal cells multiply rapidly or live longer than normal lymphocytes. Dr. Serdar Bedii Omay pointed out that malignant lymphoid cells also proliferate in lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, blood and other organs like normal lymphocytes.
CAUSE IS UNKNOWN
Hematologist Prof. Dr. Serdar Bedii Omay stated that lymphoma, which is a type of cancer whose cause is generally unknown, can develop after some virus infections (EBV, HIV, Hepatitis C, HTVL-1), some bacterial infections (Helikobacter Pylori) and weakening of the immune system.
Stating that there are two main types, Prof. Dr. Serdar Bedii Omay said, “The first cause of which is unknown is Hodgkin lymphoma, which is mostly seen at younger ages. It is divided into two groups as B-cell lymphomas arising from abnormal B lymphocytes and T-cell lymphomas arising from abnormal T lymphocytes, the second being non-Hodgkin lymphoma (HDL). B-cell lymphomas occur more frequently. The disease may occur in lymph nodes, lymphoid tissues such as the spleen, or may arise from lymph tissue in organs such as stomach and intestines. Malignant lymphoid cells are a type that can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph circulation.
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Noting that the most common symptom is one or more enlarged (swollen) lymph nodes, Prof. Dr. Serdar Bedii Omay said that these swollen lymph nodes can be in the neck, upper chest, armpit, abdomen or groin without pain. Stating that besides swollen lymph nodes and cough, there are symptoms such as shortness of breath, fever, night sweats, fatigue, weight loss, itching on the skin. Dr. Omay stated that in case of painless lymph node (swelling), fever and weight loss, which are called alarm symptoms, it is necessary to apply to a health institution immediately.
prof. Dr. Serdar Bedii Omay stated that Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cancer, which is the most common cancer in childhood, after leukemia and central nervous system tumors, testicular cancer in men and thyroid cancer in women, is seen in the first place as the age progresses due to the fact that it is a disease of advanced age.
Stating that treatment methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be used in the treatment of lymphoma, Prof. Dr. Serdar Bedii Omay said:
“Lymphoma can be treated with chemotherapy or a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, in appropriate indications, allogeneic stem cell transplantation can be performed from both autologous and tissue-matched siblings.