Gum bleeding is most commonly noticed in the form of blood when brushing teeth. In addition, some sensitivity problems will arise as different symptoms of the disease that causes bleeding gums. The main symptoms of gingival bleeding are tingling in the gums while consuming hot and cold drinks, feeling pressure on the gums while chewing food, redness of the gums than their normal color and swelling, excessive tightening of the gums by the prostheses used.
Since gingival bleeding is often caused by bacterial infections, the use of antiseptic mouthwashes can also prevent bleeding from occurring. Gargling with warm and salty water relaxes the gums. It is recommended to use a soft-tipped toothbrush in order not to damage the gums. In particular, individuals with sensitive gums should prefer this type of toothbrush. Electric toothbrushes, the use of which has increased in recent years, is more suitable for effective teeth cleaning and helps to clean the gums more. If the bleeding complaint does not go away, it is absolutely necessary to consult a dentist for control.
When gingival bleeding occurs in those who use dentures or dentures, a specialist dentist should be consulted to evaluate whether the apparatus is suitable for the oral structure. Habits that impair oral health, such as smoking and alcohol, should be abandoned. If the cause of gingival bleeding is systemic diseases such as bleeding disorder, chronic diseases, diabetes, it is necessary to apply to a health institution for evaluation by a specialist physician.
If gingival bleeding is not eliminated, more serious problems may occur with the increase in the amount of microorganisms in the mouth. In particular, people with heart valve problems have a significantly increased risk of developing infective endocarditis. Therefore, it is very important for patients with a high risk of infective endocarditis such as heart valve problems to approach their gingival problems more sensitively.
In the treatment of gingival bleeding, it is important to first know the underlying cause. The first step in the treatment of gingival bleeding is to perform individual oral care regularly and carefully. In addition to daily oral care, dental examinations should be done twice a year. Dark red gingiva can be caused by plaque in the form of a sticky film that constantly builds up around, on or between the teeth.
The sticky and colorless bacterial plaque called gingivitis, which occurs as a result of plaque accumulation, causes inflammation in the gums and bleeding over time. Excessive plaque accumulation can cause bleeding, as well as a much more serious health problem called periodontitis, which can lead to jawbone disease. These and similar diseases that occur in the mouth negatively affect the health of the individual and lead to a decrease in the quality of life. Proper brushing and flossing of the teeth will also reduce the risk of gum bleeding significantly, as it will minimize the formation of dental plaque.