The mammary glands, which are prepared during pregnancy to feed the newborn baby, become active and begin to secrete milk. Prolactin hormone is needed for the secretion of milk from the mammary glands that develop under the influence of hormones, and the hormone oxytocin is needed for the secretion of milk from the ducts. In the woman giving birth, milk secretion begins within 24-72 hours following the birth. The breast is fully ready to give milk from the 4th month of pregnancy without any active warning from the mother. The nipple is rich in senses and nerve endings.
Human milk is a secretion that varies in the content of mammary gland secretion. First day milk, called colostrum, is different from mature milk. Milk content changes during the day and over time. An important part of this change helps the physiological development of the baby’s intestines. Many of the ingredients in milk have multiple roles.
87% of breast milk is water. Therefore, one of the most important factors that increase the amount of milk is the level of water consumption of the mother. Breastfed babies are less likely to encounter microorganisms that can be taken with other foods. The infection protection feature of breast milk is very important.
Benefits of Breast Milk
•Breast milk is available everywhere, it is free, there are no preparation, heating and preservation problems. It is always fresh and clean.
• Every mother’s milk is the most perfect food for her baby and prepared according to the baby’s condition. It is very easy to digest.
• Babies grow better because it contains growth factor.
•Breast milk is high in protein and fat. This prevents obesity by providing a feeling of satiety in the baby.
• Breast milk has a lethal effect against many micro-organisms. Thanks to the special enzymes it contains, it provides natural immunity to babies.
•It has been determined by studies that breastfed babies have higher intelligence levels and higher academic success.
• The breast milk that comes in the first days is called colostrum. This milk protects the baby against many diseases. Beneficial bacteria are much more in this milk than in mature milk. It ensures that the baby’s intestine is coated with beneficial bacteria. In this way, breast milk prevents the absorption of substances that can cause allergies.
•Some babies may not be with their mothers for special reasons. In these cases, the mother’s milk is expressed and given to the baby. It has been observed that the use of breast milk for oral cleaning is very beneficial, especially if the premature baby in the intensive care unit cannot be fed orally.
• Breast milk, which is rich in all kinds of nutrients that the baby needs, such as protein, fat, iron and vitamins; It is digested much more easily in the body. Breastfed babies also have less gum disease, iron deficiency anemia, and skin diseases related to diaper rash. Various growth factors in breast milk provide better development of many organs such as the baby’s intestine and brain.
Breastfed babies cry less. The substances contained in breast milk relax the baby, relax, reduce pain, and help him fall asleep faster.
•In breast milk; Thanks to antibodies, living cells, enzymes and hormones, it protects babies against diseases. Therefore, in infants receiving breast milk; Diseases such as diarrhea, meningitis, urinary tract infection, diabetes, obesity, anemia, otitis media, bronchitis are less common.