While pointing out that many negative symptoms occur with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, experts state that it is of great importance to determine the appropriate hormone dose for patients.

Internal Medicine Specialist Assist. Assoc. Dr. Ayhan Levent drew attention to the effects of thyroid gland disease.

Thyroid hormones regulate vital functions

Stating that the thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the trachea under the Adam’s apple, Assist. Assoc. Dr. Ayhan Levent, “T3 and T4 hormones secreted from this gland regulate the vital functions of the body such as intelligence development, growth and development from the newborn period to the end of life. Thyroid diseases can be seen due to under- or over-functioning of the thyroid gland. Insufficient functioning of the thyroid gland is called hypothyroidism, and overactivity is called hyperthyroidism. said.

Watch out for these signs!

Assist. Assoc. Dr. Ayhan Levent stated that in case of insufficient functioning of the thyroid gland, symptoms such as hair loss, forgetfulness, tendency to sleep, constipation, cold intolerance, depressive mood, edema formation in the body and menstrual irregularity can be seen in women. Dr. Ayhan Levent stated that if the thyroid gland is overworked, symptoms such as increased sweating, palpitations, irritability, heat intolerance, high blood pressure, tremor in the hands, enlarged eyes, diarrhea and insomnia may occur.

It is important to determine the appropriate dose for the patient.

Emphasizing that the treatment varies according to the type of disease in insidiously progressive thyroid gland diseases, Dr. Ayhan Levent said, “Patients with suspected thyroid disease are evaluated together with blood analysis and thyroid ultrasonography in the outpatient clinic. Thyroid hormone therapy is started in patients with hypothyroidism. At this point, we can say that the important thing is to determine the appropriate dose for the patient. According to the level of the hormone in the blood, different doses of drug therapy are applied to each patient. said.

Patients with symptoms should not waste time

Stating that in the presence of hyperthyroidism, treatment that suppresses the thyroid hormone, which is high in the blood, was started, Assist. Assoc. Dr. Ayhan Levent said, “If the thyroid hormone is not suppressed at a sufficient level with drugs, the results of thyroid ultrasonography are also taken into consideration and an attempt is made to control hyperthyroidism with surgical operation or radioactive iodine treatment, depending on the age and preference of the patient. As a physician, my advice is that patients with the symptoms of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism I mentioned should be examined by an internist or endocrinology specialist without wasting time.” he said.




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