The incidence of hearing loss increases with age. According to the statistics made in Turkey, hearing loss is observed at a rate of 2.1 percent up to the age of 45, approximately 9.5 percent of the population in the 45-54 age range, 13.5 percent in the 55-64 age range, and 18 percent over the age of 65. Is seen on the 5th. Above the age of 75, the rate rises to 32 percent.
Reminding that “the genetic inheritance we carry has a role in hearing loss in adults as in other diseases”, İncesulu noted that environmental factors have a very important place in shaping this heritage.
Stating that the infections in the outer, middle and inner ear, which were more common in the past years, decreased with vaccination, early access to the physician and better care, İncesulu made the following evaluations:
“Calcifications in the ossicles in the middle ear also cause moderate hearing loss. Changes in the outer ear canal, eardrum, middle ear and inner ear structures resulting from biological aging can also result in hearing loss. Hair cells responsible for hearing are destroyed in the ear, and age-related changes develop in other structures in the corti organ responsible for hearing. In addition to these reasons, the use of drugs harmful to the inner ear, exposure to high noise due to entertainment or work, and blows to the head can cause hearing loss.
Attention to elders of family watching TV loudly
Referring to the variety of symptoms related to hearing loss, İncesulu said, “The voice of television and / or radio is very loud, the patient repeats the words frequently during the conversation, the person with a hearing loss is involved in the conversation at an inappropriate time or with a subject different from the subject being spoken. or not being heard when talking from another room in the house, complaints of the relatives of the patients and the people they live with. Less communication is social isolation, decrease in school and / or work performance, difficulty in adapting to new subjects and learning, and due to all these, decrease in self-confidence in the patient. can cause problems.
Studies show that the time between the onset of patients’ complaints and their active application for treatment options can take up to 10 years. The perception of hearing loss and hearing aids as signs of old age, negative experiences of the environment related to the use of hearing aids play a role in this. While individuals are isolated from their work life, social relationships, and family relationships, cognitive functions deteriorate, learning and adaptation to new conditions become increasingly difficult. Patients behave timidly about what they could do individually and become dependent on their relatives. As a result, depression is more common in individuals who feel useless or disabled than in the normal population. In addition, the lack of communication, which is one of the basic activities of being human, facilitates the emergence of neurodegenerative diseases such as dementia and Alzheimer’s in patients.
Stating that the hearing aid is a good option if the degree of hearing loss is mild-moderate, İncesulu said, “It would be appropriate to evaluate these patients for a cochlear implant. Cochlear implants electrically stimulate the structures in the inner ear and enable patients to hear, unlike hearing aids that provide acoustic stimulation. However, unfortunately, since hearing loss is a silent and invisible obstacle in our country, it is often neglected and the search for help is postponed. It is also very important to raise social awareness on this issue. Because the state has covered the cost of implantation with social security and is within the scope of reimbursement. We focus on awareness studies to convey this information to our citizens. ” used the expressions.
The ears of young people who listen to loud music are at risk
Stating that listening to loud music, the noise in the working environments or the noise exposed to in daily life directly affects the inner ear, İncesulu said, “Since these effects are not noticed in the youth period, the precaution is also delayed, whereas hearing loss due to noise is definitely a preventable problem.