Dr. Sema Karaoğlu said that the sun provides the synthesis of vitamin D in the skin and that it is necessary to take advantage of the sun for daily vitamin D needs.
Referring to the negative effects of being in the sun for a long time, Karaoğlu said, “Dryness, wrinkling, and staining symptoms occur on the skin in long-term sun exposure. The risk of skin cancer increases in older age with longer exposures to the sun. C rays do not reach the earth from the ultraviolet A, B and C rays, A and B rays do not reach the earth. “On the other hand, 5 percent of the rays reach the earth. More B rays that cause redness on the skin. Since ultraviolet A rays reach deeper into the skin, they have carcinogenic effects.” he said.
Noting that sunbathing should be preferred in the morning and late afternoon, Karaoğlu said, “If the person has skin cancer in his family, there are lesions at risk of cancer in his skin, if he has more than 50 moles on both arms, if he has sun-sensitive skin diseases, if he is a sailor, if he is a farmer, if he is outside for a long time. If he needs to stay in the sun, it would be useful to use sunscreen with the road worker.” used the phrase.
Karaoğlu pointed out that sunscreens are often not used correctly and said:
“When sunscreens are not used correctly, both our health is threatened and the money spent on them is a waste. We usually apply sunscreen and go out immediately. The sun gives us its negative effects in the first 5-10 minutes. However, sunscreen creams become active after half an hour. We apply the cream and immediately go out.” It doesn’t have a protective effect when we go out. We need to use sunscreen 30 minutes before going out. The amount of sunscreen is 1 gram for the face, that is, as much as an unshelled hazelnut.
Emphasizing that positive results from preservatives depend on their correct use, Karaoğlu said:
“For example, you went out in the sun and walked for 10 minutes. The product with a factor 15 protects you 15 times, that is, 150 minutes. When this is SPF 30, the time is longer. How we apply the cream is also important. If the skin is moist, if it is applied too thin, it also affects the protection time. Applying enough amount and it is important to repeat it every 3 hours. Those who have some eczema, collagen tissue disease, skin cancer risk that increase with the effect of the sun, these should be applied again every 3 hours. Those who are at the seaside or at the sea level should repeat the protector every 2 hours. should use filtered protectors. These protectors send direct sunlight without absorbing the sun.”
Karaoğlu also added that people can protect themselves from the harmful effects of the sun by wearing a hat alongside sunscreens, using ultraviolet filtered sunglasses and long-sleeved clothes made of thin fabric that keep them cool.