Allergic asthma, especially seen in spring and summer, is the most common type of asthma. Some of the allergens may only cause symptoms such as sneezing and watery eyes in some people, while in some people they can cause an asthma attack.
In this disease, which causes symptoms similar to non-allergic asthma, allergic factors such as pollen, dust, mites and animal hair cause asthma to be triggered. In other words, allergens entering the respiratory tract cause the immune system to overreact. As a result of this situation, which causes the muscles around the respiratory tract to contract, the airways become inflamed.
Since allergen substances are in almost every environment, the person should discover what the trigger is and take precautions accordingly. Pollen is the leading cause of allergic asthma. Air pollution, cigarette smoke, fumes caused by chemical substances, strong smells such as perfume and skin rash can also trigger allergic asthma.
What are the factors that trigger asthma?
There are many factors that trigger asthma in a person. While these factors do not cause any symptoms in healthy people, they cause symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, and green sputum in asthma patients. Factors that trigger asthma include intense physical activity, cold weather, sudden mood swings, stress, mold fungi, pollen, house dust mites, pet dander and skin debris, smoking or exposure to smoke, air pollution, exhaust gas, viral top respiratory tract infections, some food products containing preservatives, and some types of medications.
How is it diagnosed?
After consulting a physician with asthma symptoms, the physician primarily takes the patient’s anamnesis. Then, he listens to the person’s lungs by performing a physical examination. It investigates the presence of common asthma symptoms such as runny nose and nasal swelling. He then requests pulmonary function tests, also known as asthma tests.
How is it treated?
Although there is no cure for asthma completely, there are treatment methods to reduce or eliminate asthma attacks. These types of treatment may differ depending on the age of the person, the response to treatment and the severity of the asthma experienced. The physician informs the patient about asthma triggers. Asthma treatment is done with medication.
While bronchodilator drugs are used to expand the bronchi, it is aimed to reduce the number of attacks with anti-inflammatory drugs. Biological agents can be used in resistant cases. It is extremely important to use asthma medications in the dose and time determined by the physician. During the use of inhaled drugs, it is necessary to take a full breath and hold it for a while.
Asthma is an important health problem that can cause permanent damage to the lungs. Asthma can have complications such as weakness, stress, anxiety, depression, learning problems, pneumonia, respiratory failure, or partial collapse of the lung.