Stating that the hours spent outdoors increase with the increase in temperatures, Kılınç said, “This situation brings many unpleasant situations, from sunstroke, which we call ‘summer diseases’, to infections, from insect bites to food poisoning.” used the phrase.
Stating that being exposed to the sun or high-temperature environments for a long time causes the body temperature not to be balanced with sweating and the emergence of a condition called heat stroke, Kılınç said that the first symptoms of heat stroke are sweaty and cold skin, exhaustion, feeling thirsty, muscle cramps, headache, dizziness, nausea. reported that it can be listed as vomiting, darkening of urine.
Kilinc noted that if the temperature continues to increase, the skin will become dry, hot and red, the body temperature will rise, the respiration and pulse will accelerate, and behavioral disorder and confusion will develop.
Stating that food may not be stored well due to extreme heat, Kılınç emphasized that food poisoning, which occurs with complaints such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea caused by inadequate hygiene, is also frequently encountered in summer months.
Beware of neglected air conditioners and insects at picnic
Serpil Kılınç stated that being in environments where air conditioning maintenance is not fully performed in the summer can cause cough, runny nose, widespread muscle-joint pain, headache, atypical infections with high fever, and made the following assessments:
“Besides, being outdoors, in picnic areas, and green areas in summer causes an increase in the incidence of diseases transmitted by insects. Mosquito bites are very dangerous in areas where malaria is common. Care should be taken as bee stings can cause an allergic reaction. Tick bite, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) disease.”
Touching on chronic diseases triggered by extreme heat, Kılınç said that especially heat increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and that with hot weather, the vessels in the legs and arms expand, causing a slowdown in circulation and an increase in heart rate.
Stressing that increased heart rate increases the risk of heart attack, Kılınç noted that increased fluid loss can lead to many serious health problems such as urinary tract infection, increased risk of stone formation, acute kidney failure, and increased humidity and sudden temperature increases trigger migraine attacks.
Things to do to prevent diseases in summer
Serpil Kılınç listed the points to be considered in order to be protected from diseases seen in summer months:
“You should not be outside when the sun is intense. Wear glasses and a hat when going out. Sunscreens with appropriate factors should be used. Thin and light-colored clothes should be preferred and plenty of liquids should be consumed. Food should be stored under a certain temperature in the refrigerator and consumed immediately after cooking. Even if the shelled fruits are washed.” “Hygiene rules should be observed. You should definitely take a shower before and after entering the pool. During the summer months, eating, drinking and sleeping patterns should not be changed due to the late setting of the sun. Sports should be done in cool environments and heavy exercises should be avoided.”