What is an ovarian cyst?
Cysts are mostly benign (benign) masses of various sizes, surrounded by tissue called cyst wall, containing liquid or hard formations.
What are the symptoms?
Ovarian cysts are often asymptomatic. They are usually detected during routine check-ups. Complaints begin to appear in cases of infection, growth, bursting of the cyst, sprain called torsion. Although these complaints vary from person to person, they are often;
Abdominal and groin pain
swelling in the abdomen,
Depending on the pressure, they may encounter problems such as changes in urine and large toilet habits.
Who is it most common in?
The vast majority (80-85%) of ovarian cysts are benign cysts called ovarian cysts. Again, most of them are seen in the group of women between the ages of 20-44 who are in reproductive age. Cystic structures diagnosed during menopause are somewhat distant from the benign cyst geography and should be followed more carefully and closely.
How is it diagnosed?
Examination and often ultrasound are sufficient for the diagnosis of ovarian cysts. In cases with suspected cancer, advanced radiological examinations such as tomography, MRI and blood tests can be requested.
What is the treatment?
Treatment protocols vary according to the type of ovarian cyst. Cysts, which are called simple cysts, are smaller than 5 cm, have smooth walls, no hard formations are observed, and have homogeneous ultrasound appearance, are generally followed and expected to shrink. Under the supervision of the physician, hormonal regulatory drugs, especially birth control drugs, can be used. Antibiotic treatment in inflammatory, infectious cysts, and surgery in treatment-resistant cases are considered. Cysts with a high probability of being malignant are treated with surgery.