Gonorrhea, or gonorrhea, as it is commonly known, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacterium called Neisserria gonorrhoeae. It can be seen in both women and men, but it is more common in men. It is easier to transmit from male to female, especially in young women and men. It often causes an infection in the urethra, rectum or throat. In women, it can also cause infection in the cervix and tubes. The bacterium that causes gonorrhea is transmitted only from person to person by direct contact and cannot live outside the body. The bacterium that causes gonorrhea needs moisture, so it cannot survive in a dry environment.
May not give any symptoms
Usually gonorrhea infection does not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms can affect many areas of the body, but are usually seen in the genital area. Gonorrhea is transmitted through sexual intercourse, anal, oral or vaginal sex, and through semen and vaginal fluids. There is no need for semen ejaculation to be contagious. In some births, it can even be transmitted to the baby during delivery. Gonorrhea can be transmitted through sex toys as well as sexual intercourse. Sexually active women under the age of 25 and men who have sex with men are at higher risk of contracting gonorrhea.
Gonorrhea symptoms may differ in men and women.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:
Burning sensation during urination, pain, yellow or green discharge from the urethra, redness at the tip of the penis, pain or swelling in the testicles.
Gonorrhea symptoms in women include:
Burning during urination, pain, vaginal discharge, itching in the genital area, vaginal bleeding, bleeding after sexual intercourse or outside the menstrual period, pain during sexual intercourse, burning, abdominal pain.
Causes more serious problems if left untreated
The diagnosis is made by examining the samples taken from the urethra in men, from the cervix in women, from the rectum and throat under the microscope and culture. Swab sample analysis is done to determine whether gonorrhea is present. Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics, as it is caused by bacteria. Antibiotics can be taken in the form of injections or pills and should be used with the recommendation of a doctor. Spousal treatment must be applied. Untreated gonorrhea can cause more serious problems.
Ways to prevent gonorrhea are:
1. Vaccination for HPV and Hepatitis B before reaching sexually active age
2. Screening before sexual intercourse
3. Regular and proper use of condoms
4. Prevention of alcohol and substance addiction, receiving treatment and support
6. Being meticulous in choosing a sexual partner
7. To be informed about sexually transmitted diseases
8. Regular testing