Eye Diseases Specialist Op. Dr. “80 percent of the visually impaired in Turkey are at a treatable and preventable level,” said Ercan Sağlam.
Sağlam said, “Visually impaired people are people with low vision despite corrective devices such as glasses and lenses. If eye scans are made from childhood, we can prevent eye diseases to a large extent in the future. In some eye diseases, we can prevent future vision loss with medication, surgery and other treatments, ”he said.
“CATARACT DISEASE IS THE LEADING REASONS THAT REDUCE THE VISION”
Ercan Sağlam stated that preventable blindness can be caused by various diseases and that the symptoms and causes of each problem differ.
“Cataract disease is one of the leading causes of blindness and vision reduction in the world and in Turkey. In addition, macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetes, various infections, congenital diseases due to consanguineous marriage and other causes are among the factors that cause vision problems. The awareness of eye scanning should be placed in the society from childhood. This work should be made into a state policy. We can minimize vision problems that may occur from diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and diabetes with early treatment.”
“YELLOW SPOT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT EYE PROBLEM”
Drawing attention to the necessity of avoiding consanguineous marriages, since most of the causes of congenital blindness are genetic, Dr. Scott used the following statements:
“Yellow spot disease is one of the most important eye problems today. Prolonged life expectancy leads to an increase in the number of these diseases. Yellow spot disease occurs in one out of every three people in groups over 70 – 75 years old. Diabetes is another disease that negatively affects eye health. However, nowadays, blindness due to diabetes has started to be seen less frequently with the development of diabetic retinopathy treatment methods.
“EYE DISEASES VARY ACCORDING TO THE DEVELOPMENT STATE OF THE COUNTRIES”
Stating that there is variation in eye diseases in developed countries and eye diseases in developing countries, Ercan Sağlam said, “Yellow spot and cataract diseases are more prominent in developed countries. The biggest cause of macular degeneration in developed countries is the long life expectancy in these societies and the increase in the elderly population. In developing and underdeveloped countries, cataracts, glaucoma and various eye diseases related to infection come to the fore. These diseases are predominantly seen in African, south and southeast Asian countries.