Nutrition and Diet Specialist Renan Güneş stated that “The USA is at the top of the OECD countries where obesity is seen most in adults” with 38.2 percent. In addition, female obesity is approximately twice the rate of men in our country.
Obesity, which negatively affects the daily life of people, is a disease that must be treated. Obesity occurs when the amount of energy taken with food exceeds the amount of energy consumed by physical activity and basal metabolic rate. The World Health Organization defines obesity as the accumulation of excess fat in the body to the extent that it disrupts health. Obesity also paves the way for other diseases, ”he said.
Renan Güneş, who made special statements on March 4, World Obesity Day, gave the following information about obesity:
Causes heart attack and stroke
Stating that obesity can cause high blood pressure, heart attack and strokes due to high cholesterol and triglyceride levels, Renan Güneş said, “As the body mass index increases, both high blood pressure, bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels increase. “This change in blood values increases the risk of coronary artery, stroke and cardiovascular disease.”
Stating that obesity can also lead to hypertension and Type 2 diabetes, Renan Güneş said, “High blood pressure can be defined as high blood pressure in short. High blood pressure, which is characterized by the excessive pressure of the blood on the vascular walls, can cause serious damage to the kidneys, brain, heart and vessels without any symptoms for a long time.
Due to the excess body weight in obesity patients, both cardiac output increases and peripheral vascular resistance increases, and a suitable environment is created for the formation of hypertension with increased fluid retention. Type 2 diabetes is linked to obesity. The vast majority of patients with type 2 diabetes are overweight. Especially the fat cells stored around the waist damage the hormones and cause inflammation. This inflammation changes the way the body metabolizes fats and carbohydrates, leading to an increase in blood sugar and diabetes.
* Insulin resistance (hyperinsulinemia)
Coronary artery disease
* Metabolic syndrome
* Gallstones and diseases
* Sleep apnea
* Fatty liver
* Asthma and breathing difficulties
* Menstrual irregularities
* Excessive hair growth and hormone disorders
* Musculoskeletal problems
* It has been reported to be significantly associated with esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, gallbladder cancer, and uterine cancer due to the increase in body mass index.
Saying that the purpose of medical nutrition therapy has changed in obesity, Renan Güneş said “It is of great importance to provide adequate and balanced nutrient requirements appropriate to the age, gender, physical activity status, lifestyle and physiological condition of the individual. Another important issue is to gain correct and permanent eating habits instead of wrong eating habits. “Bringing body weight to the desired level and preventing gaining weight again is the last step.”
WATCH OUT FOR OBESITY
Consume 2.5-3 liters of water a day.
Choose healthy drinks instead of ready-made fruit juices, carbonated drinks and sugary drinks.
Do not fry food, but use healthy cooking methods such as grilling or boiling.
Avoid excessive salt consumption.
-Avoid popular diets and slimming drugs and slimming teas that cause rapid weight loss.
-Do not eat in troubled, stressful and angry situations.
Do not skip meals and follow your snacks.
Chew your delicacies well and eat slowly.
Make sure to exercise.
– Instead of white bread, consume whole grain breads such as rye.
Focus mainly on vegetables and fruits in your diet.
-Use oils such as olive oil instead of fats such as butter, margarine, tallow.
Choose prebiotic foods and use probiotics recommended by your specialist.