Mother and baby are in harmony from the first day by nature. After the union that starts with birth, nutrition, that is, breastfeeding is of great importance. The most suitable, balanced and most adequate miraculous food that the baby needs is breast milk. Babies should be fed only with breast milk for the first 6 months from birth, and no liquid or solid additions, including water, should be made in addition to the nutrition of a healthy baby who can be fed with breast milk. Only breast milk should be given for the first 6 months, and 1 year should be completed by switching to additional foods after 6 months. In infants who have completed the first year by effectively taking breast milk, breastfeeding should be continued until the age of 2 if the continuity of breast milk continues.
Formula milk should be suitable for the period of the baby.
In cases where breast milk is insufficient, stopped early or should not be given, “formula milk”, which is closest to the value of breast milk, should be given instead of breast milk until the age of 1 year. It is important that the selected formula milk is in the appropriate content and amount for the baby’s period. In this case, the family should proceed in consultation with the child health and diseases specialist. It should not be forgotten that although they are prepared with the aim of reaching the content of breast milk, these products do not have a chance to fully present the perfection of breast milk.
It can be safely stored in the deep freezer for 6 months.
Direct breast feeding is best, but sometimes it may be necessary to express and store the milk. Carrying a contagious disease such as HIV, brucella or tuberculosis, herpetic lesions in the breast, taking a film with drugs for diagnosis and treatment, metabolic disease (classical galactosemia, congenital lactase deficiency) and the use of antidepressant and blood pressure medications by the mother prevent the delivery of breast milk to the baby. . In these cases, the baby can be fed with breast milk expressed under appropriate conditions. Breast milk can be safely stored for 3 hours at room temperature, 72 hours in the refrigerator and 6 months in the freezer.
The benefits of breast milk in infant development are as follows;
1.It is a unique opportunity for the healthy growth and development of the baby.
2. It creates an emotional bond between mother and baby.
It provides the baby’s neurological and emotional development.
4. Breast milk is safe, clean and economical.
5. It is protective against many diseases.
6. It reduces diarrhea and acute respiratory diseases as well as reduces diarrhea-related deaths.
7. Breastfed infants have lower mortality and hospitalization rates.
8. Breast milk reduces the risk of food allergies, eczema and asthma.
9. Breastfeeding protects against obesity, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and type 1 and 2 diabetes.
10. Malnutrition in the first 2 years of age increases the risk of many diseases, especially iron deficiency anemia, growth retardation due to chronic malnutrition and obesity.
Complementary food should not be started before 6 months.
For babies who are breastfed until 6 months, after 6 months, breast milk alone cannot meet the nutritional needs of the baby. Complementary foods should not be started before the 4th month and the transition to complementary foods should not be left after 6.5 months.
Breast milk should not be stopped during the transition to supplementary food, and breast milk should be included in the diet until the age of 2 as long as there is continuity of milk. When starting additional food, it should be started with a single type of food and each new food should be added one by one, following the 3-day rule. The inclusion of meat consumption in complementary foods should not be delayed. Sugar and salt should not be added to foods, and processed meat products such as ready-made soups, fruit juices, canned sausages, sausages and salami should not be included. The consistency of the food should be adjusted according to the age of the baby.